Toothache can occur in the teeth and around the jaws and is caused by a number of different dental issues. Usually, the pain begins suddenly and can range from mild discomfort to severe pain. It can come and go, but it can also be constant and made worse by eating or drinking. Additionally, tooth pain may get progressively worse as time goes on, so it is essential to see a dentist as soon as you can.

What Causes Tooth Pain?

Toothache and pain can be caused by a wide variety of issues. Some will be short-term and may be alleviated on their own. Others will simply require mild treatment or over the counter medicine in order to treat. However, there are certain incidents in which going to the hospital or contacting your emergency dentist in London will be the best option to arrange quick and effective treatment and alleviate pain.

Some of the most common causes of tooth pain and toothache include:


  • Mild or severe tooth decay and gum disease (periodontal) – bacteria growing inside your mouth which can contribute to gum disease and dental decay
  • Acute infection to dental and soft tissue (which can occur when a tooth has broken the skin but does not have enough room to fully come through)
  • A dental abscess
  • Patients who have recently undergone major treatment (e.g. tooth removal)
  • Those currently going through tooth alignment (e.g. braces as provided by orthodontic treatment)
  • A wisdom tooth coming through
  • A cracked or damaged tooth (particularly one which severely exposes the nerve)
  • A loose, damaged or broken filling (e.g. through injury)
  • Issues or problems with your braces (e.g. the brackets coming loose or breaking) – in which case you should contact your orthodontist as soon as possible


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